Abstract: This chapter examines the narratives of constitutionalism and the low tide of ideas and constitutional practices within and within the European Union and its Member States from the inception of the treaties to the present day. It must determine the extent to which the European Union has a “constitutional” legal and political order. Emphasis is placed on the contribution of legislation to the development of constitutional structures and the role of ideas in legislation. The initial objectives of the “founding fathers” of European integration were to promote peace, prosperity and a form of non-nationalist supranationalism. In many ways, the EU enjoyed remarkable success in the history of the European continent until the middle of the 20th century. “Constitutional treaties” have been at the heart of this success. But we must now pay attention to the recent challenges posed by the financial crisis, the difficulties of the euro area, the problems near the EU`s external services and the arrival of large numbers of refugees at and outside the EU`s external borders. At a time of national reactions against neoliberalism and globalisation, the role of the EU, and in particular the EU Court of Justice, is increasingly being called into question. The European Economic Community (ERC) was a regional organisation aimed at the economic integration of its member states.
It was created by the Treaty of Rome in 1957. [Note 1] After the creation of the European Union in 1993, the EEC was incorporated into the EU and renamed the European Community (EC). In 2009, the EC officially established its existence and its institutions were directly absorbed by the EU. This is what has made the Union the formal institution that will succeed the Community. The European Union is based on the rule of law. All EU action is based on treaties that have been adopted by all EU Member States in a voluntary and democratic manner. EU treaties are binding agreements between EU member states. These include founding treaties, amending and accession treaties, and protocols. The treaties set out the EU`s objectives, the rules for EU institutions, how decisions are taken and the relationship between the EU and its member states. All EU action is based on treaties.
Under the treaties, EU institutions can pass legislation that member states implement. Six countries signed a treaty on this day in 1957 establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) – commonly referred to as the common market – and are taking the first steps towards closer fiscal and political harmony that would develop within the European Union. On 25 March 1957, representatives of the six nations even signed two treaties in Rome, one establishing the EEC, the other establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) for the common and peaceful development of European nuclear resources. The eur-Lex International Agreements collection covers all the instruments that the EU produced in the exercise of its international responsibility: the four countries res submitted their demands on 11 May 1967 and, as Georges Pompidou succeeded Charles de Gaulle in 1969 as French President, the veto was lifted. Negotiations began in 1970 under the pro-European British government of Edward Heath, who faced differences of opinion over the common agricultural policy and the UK`s relationship with the Commonwealth of Nations. However, two years later, the accession treaties were signed, so that Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the Community effective 1 January 1973. The Norwegian people finally refused to join a referendum on 25 September 1972.  The conference culminated on 25 March 1957 with the signing of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community and the Euratom Treaty at the Palazzo dei Conservatori on Capitol Hill in Rome.